this complex is assigned to palaces which their Darius.Area of this complex where is located on a huge stone-bench is 125 thousand square meters. Since capital city of A chaemenids was in Shoush city and Ekbatan & Babbel are also were assigned as summer & winter capital cities, respectively.construction of this complex continued at Xerxes era who was Darius’s son and also at first Artaxerxes region & took about 150 years to be completed. This complex is consisted of palaces,portals,king’s tomb, large embossed patterns and stairways complex is made of lime stones in different colors as Achaemenid buildings had been developed,in this architectural school,huge stones are placed next to each other without using any mortar,these stones mainly are connected together with clamps.Takht-e-Jamshid is the third registered world’s relic in Iran,this complex in October 25th,1979(1358S.H.) was registered as world’s heritage of UNESCO.the most important parts of Takht-e-Jamshid are as following: this complex begin with entrance stairway which is double sided stairway and each of sides ascends with a 1800 twist. Total scores of both sides’ stairs are 111 steps, each with 10cm height. Nation’s portal: this structure is located at east side of entrance stairway and is a palace with very large par lour with 16.5m height and three main doors. West door is lead to stairway, east door is lead to march avenue, and south door is lead to Apadana palace, this part was constructed at Xerxes era and used as waiting hall for guests. Apadana:it is the palace of public levee, where is the most important component of Takht-e-Jamshid .this palace is located at south part of Nation portal palace and its construction started by order of Darius and terminated at Xerxes era. Central par lour of this palace has 36 stone columns, each has 19m height. Three porches have been located at west, north & east side of this par lour. Tachar palace: Or king’s private palace where has been consisted of a central par lour with twelve wooden columns and some rooms around this main structure. applied delicay in making this palace was so significant that, palace is called mirror hall. Hadish palace: this was Xerxes private palace and located at south region of complex. It is quoted that big fire has been started from this location and there is not any relic of this palace’s columns and plinths and nearly completely ruined. Three gate palace: where also recalled “council par lour” and experts believe that space of this palace was specified for assembly of king and government authorities. This palace has been placed at center of Takh-e-Jamshid and its central par lour has 4 columns. Capital of these columns is made of two oxen in opposite each other. Khazaneh: where is consisted of several par lours and a number of courtyards and are separated from other parts of complex by a wall. This structure is the oldest part of Takht-e-Jamshid where many invaluable items has been discovered here which was remaining of Macedonian Alexander. Hundred column palace: after Apanda palace, is the largest palace of Takht-e-Jamshid .construction of this palace started at Xerxes era and was completed at First Artaxerxes time. Central par lour of this palace is consisted of hundred columns of 14m height. Uncompleted portal: this structure is located at north part of Takht-e- Jamshid complex and it has never been completed; because of possibility to obtain useful information about placement and fixture of stones, it has valuable and significant importance. Tombs: are located in eastern part of complex and at the foot of mountain. Tombs are belonged to Artaxerxes second & Artaxerxes third who were two Archaemenid kings. Construction’s style of these tombs is similar to Naghshe Rota’s tomb style. The complex of Takht-e-Jamshid has been put on fire by Macedonian Alexander intentionally or accidentally in 331 B.C.where a major part of this complex is completely vanished. The remaining relics suggest glory and greatness of complex at its splendour era. There are discovered many mud epigraphs from this period of history which demonstrate glory and significance of Achaemenid era in Persia. These epigraphs however are small in size and have brief texts, but because of their contents has very high value. these texts state that at that time of construction Takht-e-Jamshid,all workers has been paid wages, salary, of men& women were equal, women could work full time or choose part time occupations, women also have right to heir, mothers have delivery time wage and children are under social security protections, these human rights was very invaluable in 500 years B.C.
Edited by Ariasun editorial board
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